Osteoporosis isn’t just for Women

Osteoporosis
Although women are at greater risk, men get osteoporosis too. If you think you can’t get osteoporosis because you’re a man, think again. As our population ages, even more men will get the disease. One in four men over the age of 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis. Men over age 50 are more likely to break a bone due to osteoporosis than they are to get prostate cancer. Each year, about 80,000 men will break a hip and Men are more likely than women to die within a year after breaking a hip due to problems related to the break.

Men with hormone sensitive prostate cancer and those being treated with hormone deprivation therapy also called Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) are at increased risk for developing osteoporosis and bone fractures.

Don’t wait for a broken bone to find out about osteoporosis

People with low bone density are more likely to break a bone compared to people with normal bone density. A bone density test is the only test that can diagnose osteoporosis before a broken bone occurs. This test helps to estimate the density of your bones and your chance of breaking a bone. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a simple 20-minute scan that uses small amounts of x-ray to accurately measure bone density at your hip and spine. You are exposed to 10-15 times more radiation from flying in a plane round trip between New York and San Francisco.

This same test can also measure your progress in improving your bone health through treatment and lifestyle changes.

Reasons to consider having a bone density test.

  • You are over age 50 and have already broken a bone or have lost height or have low body weight for your size.
  • You are a smoker, have an inactive lifestyle or not getting enough Calcium and Vitamin D
  • You are receiving androgen deprivation therapy to treat prostate cancer
  • You are age 70 or older, even without risk factors for osteoporosis and broken bones
  • You have experienced a spine fracture due to height loss, back pain or curvature of your spine
  • You are taking or are planning to take steroid medicines such as cortisone or prednisone in a daily dose of 5 milligrams or more per day for three or more months

How much Calcium and Vitamin D do you need?

Food is the best source of calcium. Dairy products, such as low-fat and non-fat milk, yogurt and cheese are high in calcium. Certain green vegetables and other foods contain calcium in smaller amounts. Some juices, breakfast foods, soymilk, cereals, snacks, breads and bottled water have calcium that has been added. If you drink soymilk or another liquid that is fortified with calcium, be sure to shake the container well as calcium can settle to the bottom. The amount of calcium you need from a supplement depends on the amount of calcium you get from food. Aim to get the recommended daily amount of calcium you need from food first and supplement only if needed to make up for any shortfall. If you get enough calcium from the foods you eat, then you don’t need to take a supplement.

Men

Age 70 & younger

1,000 mg* daily

Age 71 & older

1,200 mg* daily

*This includes the total amount of calcium you get from food and supplements.

Improving Bone Health

There are several strategies for improving Bone Health and greatly reducing your risk of fracture, including:

Nutrition

A well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is important. Good sources of calcium include low-fat dairy products; dark green, leafy vegetables; and calcium-fortified foods and beverages. Dietary sources of vitamin D include fortified milk and other foods, fatty fish, cod liver oil, beef liver and egg yolks. Your Genesis Urologist may also recommend calcium and/or vitamin D supplements.

Exercise

like muscle, bone is living tissue that responds to exercise by becoming stronger. The best exercise for bones is weight-bearing exercise that forces you to work against gravity. Some examples include walking, climbing stairs, dancing, and weight training. Regular exercise, such as walking, may help prevent bone loss and provide many other health benefits, such as reducing pain, relieving stress, and making cancer treatment easier to handle.

Healthy Lifestyle

Smoking is toxic to bones as well as the heart and lungs. In addition, smokers may absorb less calcium from their diets. Studies also have found that heavy drinking hurts your overall health, weakens your bones, and increases your risk of broken bones. Moderate drinking—for most men, this means not more than two alcoholic drinks per day—has not been shown to hurt your bones.

Medication

There is no cure for osteoporosis, but several medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration for men with the disease. Although no medications have been approved specifically to treat men with bone problems caused by hormone deprivation therapy for prostate cancer, studies of several medications are underway for this purpose. Genesis is actively involved in these types of studies and you may be eligible to receive newer medications through participation in a Genesis research study.

Five Steps to Better Bone Health

  1. Get the right amount of calcium and vitamin D daily
  2. Exercise regularly and do weight-bearing and strengthening exercises
  3. Don’t smoke and drink alcohol only in moderation
  4. Talk to your Geneisis physician about your family history and about your chances of getting osteoporosis
  5. Get a bone density test to determine if you are at risk.

Scheduling a Bone Density Test

Scheduling is simple.  Ask your Genesis Physician to schedule an appointment for you or call:

Genesis Bone Health

5395 Ruffin Rd, Suite 202
San Diego, CA 92123
T 858.429.7050  F 858.500.8050